Referencing Figures In Dissertation Format

When you use a figure in your paper that has been adapted or copied directly from another source, you need to reference the original source.  This reference appears as a caption underneath the figure that you copied or adapted for your paper.

Any image that is reproduced from another source also needs to come with copyright permission; it is not enough just to cite the source.

Hints:

  • Number figures consecutively throughout your paper.
  • Double-space the caption that appears under a figure.

 

General Format 1 (Figure from a Book):

     Caption under Figure

     Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted]

     from Book Title (page number), by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname,

     Year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Copyright [Year] by the Name of Copyright Holder.

     Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.

 

Example 1 (Figure from a Book):

 

     Caption under Figure

     Figure 1. Short-term memory test involving pictures. Reprinted from Short-term Memory

     Loss (p. 73), by K. M. Pike, 2008, New York, NY: Mackerlin Press. Copyright  2008 by

     the Association for Memory Research. Reprinted with permission.

    

 

 

General Format 2 (Figure from a Journal Article):

 

     Caption under Figure

     Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted]

     from “Title of Article,” by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Journal Title,

     Volume(issue), page number. Copyright [Year] by the Name of Copyright Holder.

     Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.

 

Example 2 (Figure from a Journal Article)

 

     Caption under Figure

     Figure 1. Schematic drawings of a bird's eye view of the table (a) and the test phase of

     the choice task (b). Numbers represent the dimensions in centimeters. Adapted from

     "Visual Experience Enhances Infants' Use of Task-Relevant Information in an Action

     Task," by S.-h. Wang and L. Kohne, 2007, Developmental Psychology, 43, p. 1515.

     Copyright 2003 by the American Psychological Association.

 

 

 

General Format 3 (Figure from a Website):

 

     Caption under Figure

     Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted]

     from Title of Website, by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Retrieved

     from URL. Copyright [year] by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or adapted]

     with permission.

 

Example 3 (Figure from a Website):

 

     Caption under Figure

     Figure 1. An example of the cobra yoga position. Reprinted from List of Yoga Postures,

     In Wikipedia, n.d., Retrieved October 28, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki

     /List_of_yoga_postures. Copyright 2007 by Joseph Renger. Reprinted with permission.

Follow these examples closely for all layout, punctuation, spacing, capitalizing and italicizing.

When including a figure or a table from another source in your work, it is important to include appropriate citations.
1. Tables are numerical values or text displayed in rows and columns.

2. Figures are other illustrations such as graphs, charts, maps, drawings, photographs etc.

3. All Tables and Figures must be referred to in the main body of the text.
4. Number all Tables and Figures in the order they first appear in the text. 
5. Refer to them in the text by their number. For example:
               As shown in Table 2 … 
               OR
               As illustrated in Figure 3…
6. Each table or figure should be titled and captioned.

Tables reproduced in your text:

Each table should be displayed with a brief explanatory title.

Example of Title

Table 1. Hours of television viewing per week by age group

 

You must include a caption beneath the table. Use the following format - this format differs from the reference list format.  See note at bottom of this page regarding copyright permissions if publishing a table or a figure.

For examples of tables see APA Style Central

Format of Caption

Article:

Note. Reprinted [adapted] from “Title of article,” by A. B. Author and C. D. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder".

Book:

Note. Reprinted [adapted] from Title of book (p. xx), by E. F. Author, Year, Place of Publication: Publisher. Copyright Year by "Name of copyright holder".

 

Figures reproduced in your text

Each figure should be displayed with a brief explanatory title. eg. Figure 3. Complex Theoretical Formulations

You must include a caption beneath the figure. Use the following format - references for figures are not required in your reference list.

For examples of figures see APA Style Central

Format of caption for figures adapted or copied directly from another source.

Article:

Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Adapted [reprinted] from “Title of article,” by A. Author, B. Author, and C. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number. Copyright Year by "Name of the copyright holder".

Book:

Figure X. A concise explanation of the figure. Adapted [reprinted] from Title of book 

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