The pyramids are the stone tombs of Egypt's kings - the Pharaohs and one of the world's greatest historical mysteries. They have stood for thousands of years, filled with many hidden secrets: clues about what life (and death) was like in Ancient Egypt.
The Egyptians believed that if the pharaoh's body could be mummified after death the pharaoh would live forever. The tombs were designed to protect the buried Pharaoh's body and his belongings.
Most of the pyramids can be found on the western side of the Nile River, just into the dry desert.
The dry desert heat worked to keep the Pharaohs's body and his belongings from decomposing and rotting away.
The reason they built the pyramids next to the Nile River was so it would be easier to get the blocks to the pyramid. The stones could be bought nearer to the pyramid building site by boat.
The Great Pyramid is the largest and most famous of the pyramids. It was built for the Pharaoh Khuf. It is over 140 metres high and took 20 years to build.
The Sphinx stands in front of all the pyramids in Giza. It has the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh.
Ancient Egyptians were buried with their belongings and the tomb walls were painted with scenes from the dead persons life. By examining the objects (artifacts) and paintings in the tombs, we have been able to understand a lot more about life in Ancient Egypt.
We can learn about how the Egyptians lived by looking at the objects stored in pyramids ready to be used in the afterlife.
We can learn about how the Egyptians lived by looking at the walls of pyramids.
In this painting we can see some of the animals they kept.What else?
The Egyptians believed that when they died, they would make a journey to another world where they would lead a new life. They would need all the things they had used when they were alive, so their families would put those things in their graves. Egyptians paid vast amounts of money to have their bodies properly preserved. Egyptians who were poor were buried in the sand whilst the rich ones were buried in a tomb.
Find out more about mummies and the afterlife
See inside a tomb Wow!
See the colourful tomb paintings
BBC Pyramid challenge
Journey back four and a half thousand years to Egypt's Old Kingdom, to the Pyramid Age. As the vizier, or head of state, you undertake the most important project of your career - the building of the king’s pyramid.
Explore the Giza Pyramids
See the different shapes of pyramids. Find out which type of pyramid was built first.
The Pyramids by Mark Telford, Aged 8yrs
Mark has answered these questions:
Who Built The Pyramids?
What Was Special About The Shape?
What Was Inside A Pyramid?
Tomb Robbers, What Power Did They Have?
Read more ....
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The Construction of the Pyramids
How did they build the pyramids? A major problem facing the builders was that of getting the Large stone blocks up the pyramid.
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One of the greatest pyramids was made by King Khufu....
The Giza Pyramids
Wander through the chambers and passageways of the Great Pyramid, and learn about the pharaohs for whom these monumental tombs were built.
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Man fears time, yet time fears the Pyramids. At the city of Giza, the Great Pyramid of Khufu, standing for more than 5 millenniums, build by more than 100, 000 people in one pharaohs life time, has been the greatest mystery in the ancient world. People question a lot about their size, shape, height, location and time period. Solving one of the seven wonders in the ancient world has been more difficult than many historians believe. A pyramid is an enormous construction, which helps the king go through immortality and the wall of the dead and live forever in the happiness of the gods.
The Ancient Pyramids of Egypt will always remind us of the architectural accomplishments of Egypt's Old Kingdom. A pyramid drew resources from throughout the kings domain and beyond. There are many theories about the Ancient Pyramids, but only two are of greater importance. The two theories surround the construction of the Great Pyramid of Egypt. The first theory, suggested by experts, suggests that slaves were forced under daily hard labor to work until the task was completed. The more logical and more supported theory, however, suggests that the Great Pyramid of Egypt was built by hundreds of skilled workers who camped near the pyramids and worked for a salary until the construction of the pyramid was completed.
During that time, the Niles annual flood, which made it impossible for the Egyptians to farm the land and most workers were unemployed. Khufu-the pharaoh, provided good food and clothing for the workers that were willing to build his pyramid, and he was kindly remembered in folk tales for many centuries. Egyptian pyramids are square on plan and their triangular sides, which directly face the points of the compass, slope upwards at approximately a 50 degree- angle and meet at an apex. The pyramids have square bases and four triangular faces. Pyramid building began in Egypt about 2, 700 B. C.
and required large amount of slave labor and resources. Egyptian Pyramids have solid mass of limestone blocks covering thirteen acres of land and it was originally standing 765 ft. high. What is a limestone? Limestone is a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals. Lime stones weighted 2. 5 tons each and some of them weighted even up to 16 tons.
After Khufu, also known as Cleops- the pharaoh which the Great Pyramid was build for became pharaoh one of his first acts was to limit the growing power of the priesthood. He shut up all the temples and forbade sacrifices. In Pharaoh Khufu's pyramid, there was his mummy, caskets full of jewels, furniture inlaid with ivory and gold, silver and alabaster bowls and vessels, chests filled with clothing and precious ornaments, and jars filled full of food and wine. The pyramids must have been large to hold all of that, and as a matter of fact the base of the pyramid covers enough area to hold ten football fields. About 2, 551 B. C.
The Great Pyramid of Egypt was finally constructed and it was the largest pyramid ever build in Egypt, and the first pyramid to have subsidiary queens pyramids attached to the complex. There are three pyramids at Egypt. Each one of them had once had an adjoining mortuary temple. Attached close to this temple would have been a covered causeway descending down to a valley temple, near the Nile.
The Great Pyramid of Egypt was truly an astonishing work of engineering skills, which the Egyptians were very familiar with. For over four thousand years, until the modern era, the Great Pyramid of Egypt was the tallest building in the world. The earliest history found on the Pyramid comes from a Greek traveler named Herodotus of Halicanassus. He visited Ancient Egypt around 450 B. C. He included a description of the Great Pyramid in a history book he wrote.
Herodotus was told by his Egyptian guides that it took twenty- years for 100, 000 people or as some people believed oppressed slaves, to build the pyramid. Stones were lifted into position by the use of immense machines. The purpose of the structure according to Herodotus sources was as a tomb for the pharaoh Khufu, whom the Ancient Greeks and others referred to as Cleops. Many people know that the Great Pyramid is at Egypt, but what else do they know about it?
Study shows that people know more than one theory on how the pyramid was build and when. The three large pyramids at Giza are located on the southern outskirts of Cairo. Egypt- An ancient land of mysteries beyond imagination, and ancient history of pharaohs, tombs, secret pharaoh treasures, from the Lighthouse of Alexandria, to the Great Pyramid of Egypt. From the beginning until now, Egypt has stayed one of the most mysterious and yet extraordinary and interesting places, which you can visit. The great monuments, museums, and a lot more interesting places, facts and all of this Egypt can offer you.
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