Com360 Essay

360 Days in a Year - A True Earth Orbit of the Distant Past

The idea that there were once 360 days in a year for the Earth orbit about the Sun is considered a nonsense by modern astronomers. Such an idea has no basis in fact they claim. The Earth has never had such an exacting orbit of precisely 360 days. Moreover, the current value of 365.2421897 days [1], as determined by modern instrumentation, was established over eons as a result of essentially random celestial activity.

The early stages of the formation of the solar system were chaotic. But over time it coalesced into an ordered state, becoming what it is today. But certainly, no harmonious configuration involving a 360 day year was ever established along the way,

Either by natural law or 'natural intent', according to modern astronomers.

The Ancients Had Other Ideas

Now in contrast, according to the Sumerian, Babylonian and Egyptian civilisations, as existed several millennia ago, the universal cosmic architecture was once perfect. Everything in the heavens was in a state of simple yet elegant harmony. And at such a time there were indeed 360 days in a year to the orbit of the Earth.

But what then changed?  
 
In the mythical stories passed down from ancient cultures worldwide, at some point, Error was injected into the cosmos. Now different myths give different accounts as to exactly how the Error came to be. But they all have a certain common theme. Cosmic harmony was broken when the celestial bodies of the heavens 'revolted' and abandoned their natural stations. A new universal configuration was then established of a fundamentally different type.

A God's Curse & The 360 Day Earth Year Transformed

In ancient Egyptian mythology there is a most intriguing story explaining just how the earth orbit was transformed. How it ceased to possess 360 days in a year and transitioned to an orbit of some 365 days. The story is set in the very distant past, at a time when the universe was still seemingly in its formative stages.

Now as is common with such mythological stories, celestial or physical forces are personified in terms of supernatural entities i.e. gods and goddesses. The actions of such beings, including fighting or procreation, are usually subtle metaphors for celestial bodies suffering some kind of direct transformation, or change of state. The crucial myth in summary form is as follows:


In the early stages of creation when new cosmological deities were still coming into being, the sky goddess Nut became pregnant due to an illicit encounter with the earth god Geb. Upon becoming aware of this, the supreme sun god Re felt threatened, suspecting that Nut's offspring might dispose him from power. As a result Re cast a curse upon Nut preventing her from giving birth on any day during the year. And indeed, at this time the earth possessed exactly 360 days in a year, as the universe was in a state of great order and harmony.

Coming to the aid of Nut the wisdom god Thoth devised a plan to outmanoeuvre Re. Thoth presented himself to the moon deity Khonsu, who was a great lover of the game Senet, and he challenged him to a series of matches. The stakes however were quite unusual. Thoth proposed that if he won, his prize would be a measure of the moon's light: 1/72 to be exact. Khonsu was so confident in his abilities that he accepted. However, much to his surprise Thoth thoroughly outplayed him in the whole series.

In claiming his prize, Thoth took the light that he had won from the moon and gave it to Nut. This transfer caused the earth orbit to shift and increase its length from 360 days per year to some 365.

Nut was thus able to give birth on the extra days as they were not part of the 'true' Earth year i.e. the 360 cursed days of Re.

Five children were born - new gods to enter the world. Each god was born on one of the five extra days. Their names were: Isis, Osiris, Seth, Nephthys and Horus the Elder.

Now in addition to the changes that took place respecting the earth, the loss of the moon's light was no less significant to the moon itself. As a celestial body it was greatly weakened and became smaller in the sky. Indeed, prior to its loss it was a bright body and a visible emitter of light much like the sun. Following the change however it ceased to continuously shine and was forced to go into hiding to periodically recuperate. It could only shine for a time before going dark. And thus, the very phases of the moon as we know them today came into being.



Now the story as hereby presented was held by the ancient Egyptians to have had a true basis in reality. It was no mere idle tale. The Earth did indeed once possess 360 days in a year at some point in the very distant past. But due to some agent of change - mythologised by Thoth's Senet victory over Khonsu - the universal celestial architecture suffered major disruption. And this had a direct affect not just upon the Earth, but also the Moon.

Indeed, with specific regard to the Moon one should note that the ancient Egyptian calendar actually combined a 360 day ideal year with a precise 30 day month. The Moon also thus possessed its own ideal standard at the same time as the Earth. A perfect 12 / 1 ratio was present respecting the orbital periods of both bodies.

When celestial harmony was lost, the Earth year increased from 360 days to some 365 days, whereas the Moon month decreased from 30 days to its present value of about 29.5 days.

Can A Past Ideal Earth-Moon System Be Proven?

The answer to this question is a most emphatic yes. And quite ironically, the basis for the proof rests upon a key discovery in science that ALL astronomers of the present age readily accept as true - the very same modern astronomers so quick to deny that proof of a past ideal Earth-Moon system could ever be presented.

Now the key proof in question is one that came from my very own research efforts. Following almost a decade of focused study I was able to discover a series of physical laws previously unknown to mainstream science, that appear to actively govern ongoing changes to the Earth-Moon system - even at this very moment.

The laws have a precise mathematical expression. They are both simple and elegant, and absolutely confirm that a past harmonious relationship between the Earth and Moon, in line with the ancient Egyptian calendar, was once a reality.

The presentation of this discovery may be had at the following link: 360 days in a year

Notes

[1] Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac.
University Science Books. (1992)
Page 701

Above: The central figure is Shu, who is holding up Nut (his daughter) who is arching over him. Geb (her lover) is the Earth god lying upon the Ground. In Egyptian Myth, as depicted here, Shu is seen forcibly separating Nut and Geb from union. At some point he obviously fails, as Nut and Geb are united and Nut becomes pregnant.  

Above: A game of Senet being played. The best known board game of ancient Egypt. Late New Kingdom.

Bliss Carman, et al., eds.  The World’s Best Poetry.
Volume VII. Descriptive: Narrative.  
 
 
 “And idly tuneful, the loquacious throng
  Flutter and twitter, prodigal of time,
And little masters make a toy of song
  Till grave men weary of the sound of rhyme.”
—W W in “Wordsworth’s Grave.”    

T is no doubt that many—one might almost say most—people are firmly convinced that they do not care for poetry. They have no use for it, they tell you. Either it bores them, as a fantastic, highflown method of saying something that, to their way of thinking, could be better said in plain prose, or they look upon it as the sentimental nonsense of the moonstruck and lovesick young,—a kind of intellectual “candy” all very well for women and children, but of no value to grown men with the serious work of the world on their shoulders.
  It is not at all difficult to account for, and, indeed, to sympathize with, this attitude. To begin with, of course, there is a large class outside our present consideration which does not care for poetry, simply because it does not care for any literature whatsoever.
  Serious reading of any kind does not enter into its scheme of life. Beyond the newspapers and magazines and an occasional novel of the hour, idly taken up and indifferently put aside, it has no literary needs. With this listless multitude we have not to concern ourselves, but rather with that sufficiently heterogeneous body known as the reading public, the people for whom Mr. Carnegie builds libraries, and the publishers display their wares. Of course, among these there must necessarily be a considerable percentage temperamentally unappreciative of poetry,—just as there are numbers of people born with no ear for music, and numbers, again, born with no color-sense. The lover of poetry is no less born than the poet himself. Yet, as the poet is made as well as born, so is his reader; and there are many who really love poetry without knowing it, but who think they do not care for it,—either because they have contracted a wrong notion of what poetry is, or because they have some time or other made a bad start with the wrong kind.
  I am convinced that one widespread provocative of the prevailing impression of the foolishness of poetry is the mediocre magazine verse of the day. In an age when we go so much to the magazines for our reading, we may rely on finding there the best work being done in every branch of literature except—the highest. The best novelists, the best historians, and the best essayists write for the magazines; but the best poets must be looked for in their high-priced volumes, and a magazine reader must rely for his verse on lady amateurs and tuneful college boys. Thus he too often approaches poetry not through the great masters, but through—the little misses; and he forms his naturally contemptuous notion of poetry from feeble echoes and insipid imitations. No wonder, therefore, that he should refuse to waste his good eyesight on anything in the shape of verse, and should conceive of poetry as a mild mental dissipation for young ladies, a sickly sweetmeat made of molasses and moonshine.
  If the magazine editors of the world would only bind themselves to publish no verse except the best, and, failing to obtain a contemporary supply of the best, would fill their spare corners of space with reprints of the old fine things, I am convinced that they would do a great deal toward rectifying this widespread misconception of an art which, far from being trivial and superficial, is, of all the arts, the most serious and most vitally human. I am not saying that all poetry is for all readers. There is a section of poetry which has been called “poet’s poetry,” which, of necessity, can appeal only to those in whom the sense of beauty and verbal exquisiteness has become specialized. Spenser and Keats, for example, are poets of the rainbow. For the average reader their poems are the luxuries rather than the necessities of literature,—though, in making a distinction so rough and ready, it must not be forgotten that beauty, happily, is becoming more and more a general necessity; nor must it be forgotten, either, that rainbows, refined and remote as they are, belong also to the realities. It is the reality of poetry that I wish, if possible, to bring home to readers in this article. “Some flowers,” says George Meredith, “have roots deep as oaks.” Poetry is one of those flowers, and, instead of its being a superficial decoration of life, it is, rightly understood, the organic expression of life’s deepest meaning, the essence in words of human dreams and human action. It is the truth of life told beautifully,—and yet truthfully.
  There is only one basis for the longevity of human forms. That basis is reality. No other form of human expression has continued with such persistent survival from the beginning until now as poetry,—from “The Iliad” to “The Absent-Minded Beggar.” It and the wild flowers, for all their adventurous fragility, are as old, and no less stable, than the hills, and for the same reason,—because they are no less real. The world is apt to credit prose with a greater reality than poetry; but the truth is that the prose of life is real only in proportion as it is vitalized by that spirit of poetry that breathes in all created things. Life exacts practical reasons for the survival of all its forms of expression, and, unless poetry served some practical purpose of existence, it would long since have perished. It is because poetry has a practical work to do in the world that it continues, and will continue, to exist; because it is one of the motive forces of the universe,—life’s motive meaning, one might almost say,—the nerve force of existence. A great man has defined it as “the finer spirit of all knowledge,” and the phrase, though limited, may help us to a broader and deeper apprehension of poetry, and help us to say, too, that poetry is the finer spirit of all impulse, the finer meaning of all achievement. There is no human interest desiring to be displayed in all its essential vividness that does not realize the value of a poetical expression.
  Those who would depreciate the power of poetry in the sternest practical affairs have only to be reminded how much modern imperialism owes to Rudyard Kipling; and it is by no means trivial to remark that the most successful advertisements have been in verse. So soon as “poetry,” so called, really is poetry, its appeal is immediately admitted and its force undeniably felt. It is the false poets who account for the false ideas of poetry. One has only to confront a “practical man” with the real thing to convince him that, without realizing it, he has cared a great deal about poetry all his life. Probably he has imagined that this great stumbling-block has been the verse. “Why not say it in plain English?” he has impatiently exclaimed,—thinking all the time of bad verse, of lifeless, contorted rhyming, and of those metrical inanities of the magazines; and yet, when you bring him a verse that is really alive, in which the metre is felt to be the very life-beat of the thought, you don’t find him asking to have it turned into prose. How about “Mandalay” in prose, for example, or that old bugle-call of Scott’s?—
 “Sound, sound the clarion, fill the fife!
  To all the sensual world proclaim,
One crowded hour of glorious life
  Is worth an age without a name”—
or Tennyson’s “Tears, idle tears,” or Coleridge’s
 “He prayeth best who loveth best
  All things, both great and small;
For the dear God, who loveth us,
  He made and loveth all”—
or “The quality of mercy is not strained,” or “Under the greenwood tree,” or Mr. Swinburne’s—
 “Ask nothing more of me, sweet;
  All I can give you I give.
Heart of my heart, were it more,
  More would be laid at your feet:
Love that should help you to live,
  Song that should spur you to soar.”
  In all these cases the verse is immediately felt to be the very life of the expression,—for the reason that it echoes in words the life-rhythms to which, unconsciously, all such human emotions keep time. Say it in prose! Can you say a trumpet in prose, or a tear, or a butterfly? If you can, your prose is really poetry, and will be found to be eloquent with sunken rhythms, not immediately obvious to the ear and eye.
  The first thing to realize about poetry is that the metre is the meaning,—even more than the words, In Tennyson’s sad “Tears, idle tears,” for example, it is not so much the words that are accountable for the wistful sorrow of the general effect as the sad, rain-like melody mysteriously charging the words with sorrow, like some beautiful interpretative voice; and it is this subtly mimetic quality, endlessly adaptable, which is the raison d’être of metre, and the secret of its power over mankind.
  Perhaps it may help us to attempt here a definition of poetry,—though it is a bold, even foolhardy thing to do, for there has never yet been a definition of poetry that satisfied any one but the man who made it. We may recall one fashionable in its day,—Matthew Arnold’s “Poetry is a criticism of life.” That a poet should have made such a harrowing definition is amazing, though one, of course, understands it, in the light of the fact that the inspiration of Matthew Arnold’s muse was almost entirely that of a philosophical criticism of life. Far from being a criticism of life, poetry is much more like a re-creation of it. It is life—in words. But let me timidly launch my own definition:
  Poetry is that impassioned arrangement of words, whether in verse or prose, which embodies the exaltation, the beauty, the rhythm, and the pathetic truth of life.
  There is a motive idealism behind all human action of which most of us are unconscious, or to which we ordinarily give but little thought, a romance of impulse, which is the real significance of human effort. The walls of Thebes were built to music, according to the old story,—but so were the walls of every other city that has ever been built. The sky-scrapers of New York are soaring to music also,—a masterful music of the future, which not all can hear, and of which, perhaps, the music-makers themselves are most ignorant of all. Once more, in Emerson’s immortal phrase, the builders are building better than they know,—these ruthless speculators and stern business men, who are the last to suspect themselves of the poetry which they involuntarily serve.
  Human life, in the main, is thus unconsciously poetical, and moves to immortal measures of a mysterious spiritual music. It is this impassioned exaltation, this strange rhythm, this spiritual beauty,—“the finer spirit” of life,—which the poet seizes on and expresses, and therewith also that pathos which seems to inhere in all created things. We read him because he gives that value of life which we feel belongs to it, but for which we are unable to find the words ourselves. How often one has heard people say, on reading a poem: “Why, that is just what I have always felt, but could never express!”—and the exclamation was obviously a recognition of the truth of the poem. The poet had made a true observation, and recorded it with all the vividness of truth. It is the business of the poet to be all the time thus recording, and re-creating, life in all its manifestations, not only for those who already possess something of the poetic vision, yet lack the poetic utterance, but also for those who need to be awakened to the ideal meanings and issues of life. Poetry is thus seen to be a kind of lay religion, revealing and interpreting the varied beauty and nobility of life.
  But a better way than theorizing to show the “use”—the sweet uses—of poetry is to call up the names of some of the great poets, and ponder what they have meant, and still mean, in the life of humanity,—Dante, Milton, and Wordsworth, for example, and to them we might add Tennyson, Browning, and Matthew Arnold. How much these six poets alone have meant to the graver life of humanity: the life of religion, of thought, of conduct! Particularly with regard to the four poets of the last century we are compelled to note how, far more than any professed teachers and thinkers, they were the teachers and thinkers of their age, and did indeed mould the thought of their century. For how many have Wordsworth’s “Prelude,” Tennyson’s “In Memoriam,” Browning’s “Rabbi Ben Ezra,” and Matthew Arnold’s “Empedocles” been literally sacred books, books of daily exercise and meditation,—to name only a few of their more typical poems. They are well worn to-day, but think what forces in the world these lines of Wordsworth have been:
 “The world is too much with us; late and soon,
  Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers:
  Little we see in nature that is ours;
We have given our hearts away, a sordid boon!”
  Tennyson says:—

 “Are God and Nature then at strife,
  That Nature lends such evil dreams?
  So careful of the type she seems,
So careless of the single life;
  
“That I, considering everywhere
  Her secret meaning in her deeds,
  And finding that of fifty seeds
She often brings but one to bear,
  
“I falter where I firmly trod,
  And, falling with my weight of cares
  Upon the great world’s altar-stairs
That slope through darkness up to God,
  
“I stretch lame hands of faith, and grope
  And gather dust and chaff, and call
  To what I feel is Lord of all,
And faintly trust the larger hope.”
 
  I quote this from Matthew Arnold:
       “Is it so small a thing
        To have enjoyed the sun,
      To have lived light in the spring,
        To have loved, to have thought, to have done;
To have advanced true friends, and beat down baffling foes;
      That we must feign a bliss
        Of doubtful future date,
      And, while we dream on this,
        Lose all our present state,
And relegate to worlds yet distant our repose?”
  These lines, and many more like them that one could quote, have done definite spiritual service for mankind, have inspired countless men and women with new faith, new hope, and new fortitude, and will remain permanent springs of sustenance for the human spirit.
  Again, the mere mention of such names as Goethe, Byron, and Shelley carries with it their tremendous significance in the “practical” life of the modern world. When we think of such figures as occur over and over again in the history of poetry, we realize that Tennyson’s “one poor poet’s scroll” that “shook the world” was no mere boyish inflation of the poet’s mission. That sad musical poet, Arthur O’Shaughnessy, said no more than the truth when he sang,—in verse like the motion of moonlight on water:
 “We are the music-makers,
  And we are the dreamers of dreams,
Wandering by lone sea breakers,
  And sitting by desolate streams;
World-losers and world-forsakers,
  On whom the pale moon gleams:
Yet we are the movers and shakers
  Of the world for ever, it seems.”
  To realize what a sheerly political force poetry has been in America alone one has only to recall the poems of Whittier and Lowell, Poe and Longfellow, and Julia Ward Howe’s immortal “Battle Hymn of the Republic.”
  But, apart from such strenuous and stern services, how many other services no less valuable has poetry rendered to mankind,—services of joy and universal sympathy! The poet, often so sad himself, sings all men’s joys and sorrows as if they were his own, and there is nothing that can happen to us, nothing we can experience, no stroke of fate, and no mood of heart or mind that we can not find expressed and interpreted for us somewhere in some poet’s book. Take but one poet,—Robert Burns, for instance,—and think of the immense addition to the sum total of human pleasure and human consolation that his handful of Scotch songs has made. Who asks, “What ’s the use of poetry?” when he joins in “Auld Lang Syne,” and feels his heart stirred to its tearful depths with the sentiment of human brotherhood, and the almost tragic dearness of friends. And who that has ever been in love has not once in his life felt the brotherly hand of a fellow experience in—
 “Had we never loved sae kindly,
Had we never loved sae blindly,
Never met,—or never parted,—
We had ne’er been broken-hearted,”
and been consoled somehow with that mysterious consolation which belongs to the perfect expression of sorrow?
  If the simple songs of a Scotch peasant have been of so much “use” to the world, what of that lordly pleasure-house of Shakespeare? Think of the boundless universe of mere delight that has written over its door, “The Works of Shakespeare,”—the laughter, the wisdom, the beauty, the all-comprehending humanity.
  If it be of no use to make men happy, to quicken in them the joy of life, to heighten their pleasures, to dry their tears, to bind up their wounds; if it be of no use to teach them wisdom, to open their eyes, to purify and direct their spirits, to gird them to fight, to brace them to endure, to teach them to be gentle, then, indeed, we may ask, “What ’s the use of poetry?” but, while poetry can do all these things, I think it must be allowed by the most practical that it has a very important part to play in the work of the world.
  To end, as I began, with that practical man who imagines that he does not care for poetry, I gave one or two explanations of his distaste,—but there is one other important one that must not be forgotten. He begins too often with “Paradise Lost,”—I mean that he too often attempts some tough classic, before he is ready for it, and, because he cannot read Milton with pleasure, imagines that he does not care for poetry at all. Thus he finds himself bewildered by the insipid magazine muses on the one hand and the unscalable immortals on the other. Too many make the famous Mr. Boffin’s mistake of beginning the study of English literature with Gibbon’s “Decline and Fall”; and what wonder if a man beginning the study of English poetry with Browning’s “Sordello” should imagine, like Douglas Jerrold in the story, either that his mind was failing him, or that there was something radically wrong with the poet! Actually a man may love poetry very deeply, and care nothing at all for “Paradise Lost.” He may also find nothing for him in Homer or Æschylus or Dante or Goethe. The great architectural works of such masters may seem too godlike and grim for his gentler human need. But give him a handful of violets from Ophelia’s grave, or a bunch of Herrick’s daffodils, or take him out under the sky where Shelley’s lark is singing, or try him with a lyric of Heine’s, or some ballad of
 “… old, unhappy, far-off things,
And battles long ago,”
and you will see whether or not he loves poetry.
  The mistake is in thinking that all poetry is for all readers. On the contrary, the realm of poetry is as wide as the world, for the very reason that each man may find there just what he needs, and leave the rest. The thing is to discover the poetry that was meant for us, and perhaps the best way to do that is to turn over the pages of some well-made selection, and see where our eyes yet caught and held. Palgrave’s “Golden Treasury” is, of course, the classical anthology, a little volume filled with the purest gold of English lyrical poetry. 1 If a man should read in that for an hour, and find nothing to his taste, it is to be feared that he was born deaf to the sweet rippling of the Pierian spring. But, as I have said, I believe that few have been so hardly treated by nature. “A poet died young in every one of us,” said some one. I think he did not so much die as fall asleep, nor is he so fast asleep but that the right song sung right would awaken him.
  What is the use of poetry? It is just the whole use of living,—and let any one who doubts it enter the garden for himself.

 “Ay, come ye hither to this pleasant land,
  For here in truth are vines of Engaddi,
Here golden urns of manna to thy hand,
  And rocks whence honey flows deliriously;
  Udders from which comes frothing copiously
The milk of life, ears filled with sweetest grains,
  And fig trees knowing no sterility;
Here Paradisal streams make rich the plains,
Oh! come and bathe therein, ye world-worn weary swains.”

R L G    
 
Note 1. The “Golden Treasury,” when it was published—more than forty years ago—was certainly the finest anthology that had been made in England; and it still holds its place as a very choice collection of British poets—small and select. [back]
 



0 thoughts on “Com360 Essay”

    -->

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *